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 磁共振常用词汇
 磁共振常用缩写
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磁共振常用缩写

A

A  Ampere
ADC  [1] analogue-to-digital converter, [2] apparent diffusion coeffcient
ADP  adenosine diphosphatase
AFP  adiabatic fast passage
AM  amplitude modulated (frequency range)
ARP  adiabatic rapid passage; → AFP
ASSET  array spatial sensitivity encoding technique
ASL  arterial spin labeling
ATP  adenosine triphosphatase
AUC  area under the curve

B

b (value)  diffusion sensitivity s/mm2
B  magnetic flux density, magnetic induction
B0  main magnetic field of an MR machine
B1  main magnetic field that the spins experience after an RF pulse
BBB  blood brain barrier
balanced FFE  balanced fast field echo
BIR  balanced inversion recovery
BOLD  blood oxygen level dependent

C

C  carbon
CA  contrast agent
CBF  cerebral blood flow
CBV  cerebral blood volume
CE-FAST  contrast-enhanced Fourier-acquired steady state
CE-FFE T1  contrast-enhanced fast field echo (T1-weighted)
CE-FFE T2  contrast-enhanced fast field echo (T2-weighted)
CE-FLASH  contrast-enhanced FLASH; → FLASH
CE-GRE  contrast-enhanced gradient echo
CHESS  chemical-shift selective pulse sequence
CNR (C/R)  contrast-to-noise ratio
CP  Carr-Purcell (multiple echo pulse sequence)
CPMG  Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (multiple echo pulse sequence)
CSE  conventional spin echo (= SE)
CSF  cerebrospinal fluid
CSFFE  continguous-slice fast-acquisition spin echo
CSI  chemical shift imaging
CT  x-ray computed tomography
CTA  x-ray computed tomography angiography
CW-MR  continuous wave (N)MR

D

D  diffusion coefficient
DAC  digital-to-analogue converter
DE FGR  driven-equilibrium fast gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady state
DEFAISE  dual-echo fast-acquisition interleaved spin echo
DESS  double-echo stead- state (combination of FISP and PSIF)
DFSE  double-fast spin echo
DICOM  digital imaging and communication in medicine
DSA  x-ray digital subtraction angiography
DSE  double spin echo
DTI  diffusion-tensor imaging
DWI  diffusion-weighted imaging
Dy  dysprosium

E

ECF  extracellular fluid (space)
ECG (EKG)  electrocardiogram
EEG  electroencephalogram
eff. TE  effective echo time (RSE)
ELF  extreme low frequency (electromagnetic radiation)
EPI  echo-planar imaging
EPR  electron paramagnetic resonance = ESR
ES  echo spacing (RSE)
ESR  electron spin resonance = EPR
E-SHORT  steady-state gradient echo with spin-echo sampling
ETL  echo-train length (RSE)
EPISTAR  echo-planar imaging & signal targeting with alternating radiofrequency


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